Common DNA Tests Used in Adoption Cases
Many DNA tests are useful in adoption cases. Interested parties in adoption cases should choose the DNA test
that is most appropriate for their situation.
Some of the most common DNA tests used for adoption cases are listed below:
- Paternity Test - To verify the biological relationship between an alleged father and a child using DNA samples.
- Maternity Test - To verify the biological relationship between an alleged mother and a child using DNA samples.
- Viability Test - To analyze an unusual biological sample to determine if it has enough viable DNA to use in a DNA test.
This test is frequently used when an alleged father or other tested party is missing, unavailable, or deceased.
- Grandparentage Test - To verify the biological relationship between grandparents and their grandchild using DNA samples.
This test is often used to indirectly determine the paternity of a child when the alleged father is missing.
- Siblingship Test - To determine if two individuals are biological siblings using DNA samples.
- Twin Zygosity Test - To determine if twins are identical or fraternal.
- Genetic Reconstruction - To verify the biological relationship between alleged family members using DNA samples. Most often, this is used in a case where a child's alleged parent is missing or deceased and immediate family
members of the alleged parent are available for testing.
- DNA Banking - To collect and store DNA samples for future use, particularly in paternity testing, missing children
cases, and as reference for potentially genetic diseases.
- Genetic Profiling - To determine the distinguishing characteristics of one's DNA, most often called a DNA fingerprint.
- Y-STR Test - To verify biological relationships between males, based on the Y chromosome.
- mtDNA Test - To determine if people are biologically related through the maternal genetic line.